Different types of headaches in children

According to Childneuro consultant Dr.Arif Khan, different types of headaches are:

Tension Headache. These are the most common types of headaches. Stress and mental or emotional conflict can trigger tension headaches.

Migraine. Migraines may start early in childhood. Researchers estimate that nearly 1 in 5 teens has migraine headaches. The average age they can start is 7 years old for boys and 10 years old for girls. There is often a family history of migraines. Some girls may have migraines that happen with their menstrual periods.

Cluster Headaches. Cluster headaches usually occur in a series that may last weeks or months. This series of headaches may return every 1 to 2 years. These headaches are much rarer than tension headaches or migraines. They can start in children older than age 10. They are more common in teen boys.

Different types of headaches in children

What causes headaches in a child?

Researchers don’t fully understand the exact cause of headaches. Many headaches may be caused by tight muscles and widened (dilated) blood vessels in the head. Stress and mental or emotional conflict can trigger tension headaches. Migraine headaches may be caused by changes in brain chemicals or nerve signals.

Other headaches may be caused by a change in pain signals from nerves in the head, face, and neck. Lack of sleep and poor sleep quality are often the cause of chronic headaches. In rarer cases, headaches may be caused by a problem in the brain such as a tumor.

What Is a Migraine With Aura?

A migraine with aura is a severe headache that happens along with things like dizziness, a ringing in your ears, zigzag lines in your vision, or sensitivity to light, says Dr Arif Khan.

Though they can hurt a lot and make you feel “off,” these headaches aren’t life-threatening. There are things you can do as well as medications and devices that can treat the symptoms and prevent migraine with aura.

Migraine with aura (with or without a headache). This is also called a classic migraine.

Migraine with brainstem aura. This is when the aura starts in the base of your brain (brainstem) or both sides of your brain.

Hemiplegic migraine. In this rare type, aura causes weakness on one side of your body (hemiplegia).

Retinal migraine. You have vision changes in one eye before the migraine begins.

Sensory Symptoms

The aura usually begins over a period of 5 to 20 minutes and lasts less than an hour. It can affect any of your senses. Symptoms include:

Blind spots (scotomas)

Vision loss in part of one or both eyes

Seeing zigzag patterns (fortification spectra)

Seeing flashing lights (scintilla)

Seeing, hearing, or smelling things that aren’t really there (hallucinations)

Prickling, tingling, or numbness (paresthesia)

Trouble finding words or speaking (aphasia)